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National Forest: Croatan (2002)

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Do not allow surface water management activities (e.g. ditching and draining) in organic soils or very poorly drained mineral soils if the activities would result in long-term changes to the natural hydrology. Catfish Lake Waterfowl Impoundment is excluded from this standard.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
On all sites/soils during normal moisture conditions: • Use low ground pressure equipment when water table is 12 to 18 inches from the soil surface. • Construct the minimum number of haul roads and log decks needed for harvest operations, as consistent with the requirements for reasonable access from system roads and practical skidding distances to landings. • Locate roads and landings on the “best drained” sites within the area, to the extent practicable. • The Forest Service Timber Sale Administrator shall approve skid trail locations. • Use logging slash (limbs, tree tops, etc.), or other appropriate techniques, to distribute loads and to provide support for equipment when and where directed by Forest Service Timber Sale Administrator.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
On poorly or very poorly drained soils, and on all sites/soils during wet periods: • Use only low ground pressure equipment. • Do not operate equipment off the designated transportation system or designated trails when one or more of the following conditions exist: • “free water” can be squeezed from a handful of soil taken from within 8 inches of the surface • water table is within 12 inches of the surface • equipment can not be operated without excessive slippage, spinning, and/or soil displacement/disturbance due to loss of traction • routine equipment operation results in ruts that exceed 6 inches in depth except in localized, scattered areas or short segments (less than length of equipment used) • Do not operate mechanical equipment when the soil can be rolled to pencil size without breaking or crumbling (indicative of plastic soils with moisture content above plastic limit). • Use mats, corduroy, or other suitable methods to provide support for equipment on short segments of roads and trails as directed by the Forest Service Timber Sale Administrator.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
New ground disturbing projects must be designed, implemented, and maintained to prevent visible sediment from entering perennial and intermittent stream channels in accordance with the same performance standards established for silviculture by the NC Forest Practice Guidelines Related to Water Quality (NC 1989). Existing sites, including dispersed and developed recreation, must be maintained to the same performance standards, through restoration and/or rehabilitation.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Limit to the extent practicable the length of road ditch that outlets directly into natural stream channels.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Design and implement all silvicultural activities to comply with the North Carolina Forest Practice Guidelines Related to Water Quality and, where applicable, the Best Management Practices for Forestry in the Wetlands of North Carolina (NC 1990). Note that these documents are commonly referred to as Forestry Best Management Practices.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
See Forestwide standards for Fire.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Stop water flow in existing canals and ditches if it will restore natural hydrology. Retrofit with water control structures. Maintain ditches and canals where necessary for forest roads. Where canals and ditches occur in Wilderness, stop water flow outside of the Wilderness boundary in such a way as to restore natural hydrology within the Wilderness area.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Maintain portions of streams and rivers within the National Forest as flowing in a natural condition without impoundment, diversion, straightening, rip-rapping, or other modification of the waterway.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Remove enough log or debris jams in the stream channels only to provide minimum passage by small boats in reaching the channel.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Do not outlet roadside ditches directly into stream channelsSoil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Prohibit all direct and indirect alteration of natural hydrology.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Use only herbicides labeled for use over water when within 150 feet of streams, rivers, lakes, ponds, and standing watered areas.Soil, Water, and AirWater Resources
Use the terrestrial and aquatic ecological classification and the NC Natural Heritage Program site descriptions, as a guide to identify suitable sites for restoration of native plant communities.Wildlife, Fisheries, BotanicalGeneral Biodiversity
Allow no ground disturbing activities in marl outcrops or lime sink ponds except where restoring natural community structure or function.Wildlife, Fisheries, BotanicalGeneral Biodiversity
Conserve and restore a network of small and medium-size areas of potential old growth for Upland Longleaf Pine communities.Wildlife, Fisheries, BotanicalGeneral Biodiversity
Retain at least 1/3 of ecologically suitable land types in old growth Southern Wet Pine Forests, Woodlands and Savannas (10,000 of the 30,000 acres), Cypress-Tupelo Swamp (2,300 acres of the 7,000 acres), and Upland Mesic Hardwood (300 acres of the 1,000 acres).Wildlife, Fisheries, BotanicalGeneral Biodiversity
Manage existing hardwood forest types as not suited for timber production, except those identified for restoration to longleaf pine.Wildlife, Fisheries, BotanicalGeneral Biodiversity
Do not harvest stands dominated by longleaf pine using even-aged or two-aged regeneration methods, except in natural catastrophe situations such as hurricanes, wildfire, insect or disease attack.Wildlife, Fisheries, BotanicalGeneral Biodiversity
Prohibit the use of herbicides in power line rights-of-way where rare plant species occur or may occur.Wildlife, Fisheries, BotanicalGeneral Biodiversity
 
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